Heritage & Archaeology

The conservation of the UK’s heritage assets forms one of the core principles underpinning the National Planning Policy Framework. It’s therefore important to fully assess and quantify the constraints and risks posed by archaeology, and by historic buildings and landscapes.

Our heritage team can provide you with expert advice on all aspects of the historic environment and will guide you through the steps necessary to achieve a planning consent.


The archaeological resource includes extant remains, such as earthworks associated with prehistoric activity, as well as below-ground archaeological features. Consideration of this resource often commences with desk-based assessment including a review of the county Historic Environment Record (HER), historic maps, aerial photographs and a site visit.

Depending on the nature of the site, further works may be needed, such as a geophysical survey and trial trench evaluation.

Where sites are granted planning permission with a condition for archaeological works, this may include open-area excavation or an archaeological watching brief.

Built Heritage

The built heritage resource includes Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas, designated for their special architectural and historic interest, as well as other historic buildings. Assessments of buildings include statements of significance, as well as setting assessments. Early consideration of the setting of designated heritage assets can contribute to a successful scheme.

Historic Landscapes

The historic landscape includes designed landscapes, such as historic parks and gardens, as well as man-made agricultural landscapes, such as ridge and furrow earthworks created through medieval ploughing.

Representing your Interests

In a planning environment where the setting of heritage issues are frequently a factor in planning decisions, it’s important to have good advice. At CSA Environmental we can:

  • provide expert assessments and liaise with consultees on your behalf
  • arrange and co-ordinate the work of archaeological fieldwork contractors, providing objective advice on the scope and extent of works
  • represent you at appeal, providing expert witness services for built heritage, archaeology and historic landscape